Reciprocal Reading is a dialogue between the teacher and a group of students for the purpose of jointly constructing the meaning of the text.• The teacher uses a balance of explanation, instruction, modelling and guided practice to develop. understanding of key reading skills. As children progress through school, they are encouraged to take a more independent role in Reciprocal Reading sessions. One of our main aims as a school is for children to confidently lead their group and independently dissect and discover the meaning behind words and sentences within the text.
Key Stage 1
Throughout their time in Key Stage 1, children will be exposed to the different job roles within Reciprocal Reading. Teachers introduce the different ‘job cards’ within their reading groups and demonstrate how to use the cards to answer questions and deepen understanding of the text. Pupils are encouraged at a young age to take on the role as ‘Boss’ and lead their group within the session. Allowing children to ask questions about vocabulary and texts ensures they have a better understanding of the book and can then apply this when reading independently. The main cards children are encouraged to use independently in KS1 are:
Key Stage 2
When in Key Stage 2, teachers take a step back from leading groups and allow children to take ownership of their Reciprocal Reading sessions. Pupils are encouraged to work as a team to clarify, question, summarise and predict when reading the text. Again, allowing the pupils to take charge of the session gives them a deeper understanding of vocabulary and meaning from the text, as they can move at their own pace. Teachers have the ability to change the Reciprocal Reading sessions according to the need of the class. For example, if the class need work clarifying words within the text, the whole group can work together to do this, modelled by the adult, to ensure they are more confident at using the skill; they can then apply this independently in the next session.